Ohum Healthcare offers an open data platform to deliver world class personalized life-long care to all citizens of India.
- Reduce medical errors
- Have access to longitudinal, life-long health records for chronic disease management
- Create a health database for population health programs
- Facilitate real-time morbidity trend analysis for early public health interventions
- Ability to do data analysis for effective public health policy planning
- Be ready for effective and early epidemic management
- Aging Population –It is predicted that from the year 2000 until 2050, the world’s population over the age of 60 will be around 2 billion. This increase is mostly occurring in less developed countries where the older population will rise from 400 million in 2000 to 1.7 billion by 2050.
- Larger Disease Burden – The rates of chronic diseases are dramatically increasing across all countries. In the year 2002, worldwide, 60% of the deaths were due at least in part to chronic diseases – And approximately ¾ of the world’s chronic disease-related deaths occurred in developing countries. The major chronic diseases are: cancer, hypertension, diabetes, and stroke.
- Increased Patient Expectation –Patients are becoming more vigilant and expect better quality, care and immediate attention from the healthcare providers.
- Limited Resources – When the World Health Organization specifics the minimum ratio of doctor to patient ratio as 1:1,000, India has only one doctor per 1,700 citizens. Apart from shortage of doctors, there is a severe shortage of equipment and hospital beds.
- Increased Cost of Care –Healthcare costs are rising rapidly, so much so, that healthcare inflation has outpaced the CPI since the year 2005. Use of costly drugs and new technologies, rising costs of diagnostic equipment and complex pre & post programs are the common reasons behind it.
Information technology is playing a vital role in improving the quality of care, controlling healthcare costs and increasing efficiency. With the tremendous growth in HIT over the last few years, both public and private healthcare sectors are able to meet quality standards and better serve the patients.
Some of the key challenges in healthcare technology are –
- Complex Software Applications – The software applications are usually very complex and need to be integrated with various systems across the hospitals. With multiple users, such as clinicians, healthcare providers and patients, who are involved in the usage of the systems, it increases the load on training as well as adoption.
- Clinicians Usability – The healthcare systems need to be clinicians-driven because they are the most frequent users of the system. The systems need to be user friendly and easier to adopt for the clinicians. In an attempt to include lot of functionality, the systems tend to become complex to comprehend and use.
- Universal Unique ID – Universal Unique IDs are the most efficient and effective ways of connecting patients to their medical records. These unique IDs facilitate information sharing amongst doctors – facilitating improved care and reduced costs. The healthcare IT systems need to support seamless integration with Universal Unique ID.
- Evidence Based Guidelines – Healthcare practitioners have started using recommendations in the form of clinical practice guidelines. Such clinical guidelines are designed to assist the administrators, practitioners and patients make decisions about appropriate healthcare. Such guidelines are usually developed by professional, government bodies and cooperative groups. Clinicians can make use of these guidelines to read through relevant medical literature, quickly decide which diagnostic tests to order, which treatments to use for specific conditions, or when to discharge patients from the hospital. The IT systems need to be able to offer such evidence based guidelines.
- Integrated Supply Chain Management – Healthcare IT needs to have a tight integration with the Supply Chain Management system to help in optimizing inventory and reducing the overall material handling costs of pharmaceutical products.
- Real-time Analytics – Real-time analytics can help healthcare practitioners in improving the overall patient experience by analyzing clinical data in real time, tracking patient care compliance metrics, analyzing response times, gaining insights into patient wait times, and understanding staff utilization. The IT systems need to be able to gather data from multiple sources and provide these insights in the form of visual dashboards.
- Single-hosted Comprehensive Solution – Hospitals or healthcare organizations cannot afford to have multiple systems for each need. The IT systems of choice need to offer all the functionalities in one system.
- Ongoing Support – The needs of the organizations keep changing and there is technology evolution as well. The healthcare organizations therefore need access to ongoing support.